Transregional Center for Democratic Studies

Conference: No End of History: Crooked Circle of Democracy and Authoritarianism

Thursday, April 25, 2024, 12:30PM to 6:00PM (EDT)

Open to the Public
RSVPs are required.

Photo: “A mural commemorating the 25th April Liberdade known as the carnation revolution on a wall in the Rua Victor da Costa e Silva which is located in the city of Lagos, Algarve, Portugal, 28 September 2017.” Source: Kolforn (Wikimedia), CC BY-SA 4.0 <>, via WikiMedia Commons.

Please join us for the Annual Janey Program Conference: No End of History: Crooked Circle of Democracy and Authoritarianism.

On April 25th 1974, after years of a brutal decolonization war, a group of left-wing officials of the Portuguese Army started a rebellion that caused the downfall of the Portuguese colonial and authoritarian regime. The Carnation revolution, as this rebellion is known today, inaugurated what has been described as the third democratization wave. This was followed by the collapse of military juntas, the end of authoritarian governments, and the fall of communist and apartheid regimes across Southern and Eastern Europe, Latin America, East Asia, and Southern Africa. This third wave, between 1974 and 2000, further cemented the idea of liberal democracies and multiculturalism as a predetermined destination for all modern societies. However, the last 25 years of resurgence of populist leaders, far right movements, ethno-nationalist parties, and anti-minority violence, challenged the wishful thinking of those that considered the democratizing effects of the wave permanent. 

The conference will engage with the legacies of the third democratization wave and the new authoritarian turn across the globe. 

Location: Wolff Conference Room, D1103 (11th floor)
6 East 16th Street
New York, NY 10003


12:30pm-1:00pm – Opening remarks

  • Alex Aleinikoff, Dean, New School for Social Research, & Director, The Zolberg Institute on Migration and Mobility
  • Federico Finchelstein, Professor, History, & Director Janey Program for Latin American Studies, New School for Social Research

1:00pm-2:40pm – Part 1: From the Carnation Revolution to the End of Apartheid: Legacies of the Third Democratization Wave

  • Alex Betancourt, Professor, Political Science, University of Puerto Rico
  • Andreas Kalyvas, Associate Professor, Politics, The New School for Social Research
  • Elzbieta Matynia, Chair & Professor, Sociology, & Director Transregional Center for Democratic Studies, New School for Social Research

2:40pm-2:50pm – Coffee Break

2:50pm-4:30pm – Part 2: The Revolutionaries of the Right: The 21st Century Authoritarian Turn

  • Oliviero Angeli, Chair of Political Theory and History of Political Thought, Technical University of Dresden (TU Dresden)
  • Selin Bengi GĂĽmrĂĽkçü, Visiting Scholar, Political Science, Rutgers University
  • Nadia Urbinati, Kyriakos Tsakopoulos Professor of Political Theory, Columbia University

Moderated by

  • Emmanuel Guerisoli, Postdoctoral Fellow, Zolberg Institute for Migration and Mobility, The New School for Social Research

4:30pm-6:00pm – Reception – Sociology Lounge (9th floor)

Presented by the Janey Program for Latin American Studies, the Transregional Center for Democratic Studies and the Zolberg Institute for Migration and Mobility, at The New School.

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